Diabetes and the Effects on the Body

Diabetes is all about blood sugar and insulin.  It can change your entire body.

Here’s how:

After a drink or a meal, your body breaks down what you eat into proteins, fats, and a form of sugar called glucose. This glucose then gets absorbed by your body’s muscles and organs, which gives you energy. But your body needs insulin — a hormone made by the pancreas — for your body to absorb this energy.

In a person with diabetes, the pancreas either makes little to no insulin, or the insulin can’t be used effectively by the body. When this happens , blood glucose levels rise while the rest of your cells are robbed of much-needed energy. That can lead to many problems affecting nearly all of your body.

This can take a toll on: 

  • Eyes (cataracts, vision blurriness, seeing spots, and even blindness)
  • Kidneys (trouble urinating too much or not enough, injury to kidneys,  and shut down of kidneys, leading to dialysis)
  • Blood flow (problems controlling blood pressure and poor circulation)
  • Cholesterol levels, which alone or with blood flow issues can cause heart attacks, strokes)
  • Nerves (painful stinging orloss of feeling)
  • Skin (sores, wounds that don’t heal, infections, possible amputation)

Check out the next few articles for about diabetes and the body. Just joining us? Check out, Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes. Or, you can start at the beginning of the series.

Are you or someone you love living with diabetes? Let us know your thoughts in the comments or send us a private message.

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Last updated: 4/4/2019

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